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- Performance analysis of various indoor floor covering materials
Performance analysis of various indoor floor covering materials
Indoor floor covering materials include solid wood floor, solid wood multi-layer floor (solid wood composite floor), laminate floor, bamboo floor (bamboo wood composite floor), cork floor, floor tile, carpet, plastic floor, stone plastic floor and wood plastic floor, etc. All kinds of materials have their own characteristics, and the choice of floor mainly depends on personal preference and economic ability.
1. Solid wood floor
Solid wood flooring is formed by drying and processing wood. It has the characteristics of natural pattern, comfortable foot feeling and safe use, and is an ideal material for floor decoration. The decorative style of solid wood is returning to its original nature and its texture is natural. Today, when the forest coverage rate is declining, and environmental protection is vigorously advocated, solid wood flooring is even more precious.
The quality of solid wood floors is mainly in the control of moisture content and the treatment of tree species and surface paint. Of course, no matter how well the moisture content of the floor is controlled, the phenomenon of swelling and shrinking caused by the change of the moisture content of the wood below the fiber saturation point is inevitable. In the past, the market was once marked with random names, strange names, and even mixed with fakes and shoddy, such as golden silk pomelo, gold not exchanged, and rich and precious wood, which made it difficult for customers to distinguish between true and false, good and bad. When selling, the test report issued by the authoritative department shall prevail.
Second, solid wood composite floor (also called solid wood multi-layer floor)
The solid wood composite floor is made of interlaced laminates of different tree species, which overcomes the shortcomings of solid wood floor moisture expansion and shrinkage to a certain extent. Wood grain and comfortable foot feel.
The solid wood composite floor has both the stability of the laminate floor and the aesthetics of the solid wood floor, but the disadvantage is that the layers are pressed together with glue, and the amount of glue is large; it cannot be repaired after soaking in water. When choosing, consider a few layers, such as three or five layers; the price is also related to the surface tree species and thickness.
3. Laminate floor (impregnated paper laminated wood floor)
Laminate floors are generally composed of four layers of materials, namely wear-resistant layer, decorative layer, high-density substrate layer, and balance (moisture-proof) layer. Laminate flooring is also known as impregnated paper laminated wood flooring, laminate flooring, qualified
Laminate floors are one or more layers of special impregnated thermosetting amino resins. And its high-density substrate layer is mixed with glue and pressed, so the glue content is even greater than that of solid wood multi-layer flooring.
Laminate floors are the same as multi-layer solid wood floors. The paving adopts keel-free paving, which saves resources and room space to a certain extent. When purchasing laminate flooring, please choose a big brand or a standard manufacturer with a test report tested by an authoritative organization, etc. In addition, do not listen to misleading waterproof floors, only moisture-proof floors and not waterproof wooden floors.
4. Bamboo floor (bamboo wood floor)
Bamboo floor is a new type of building decoration material. It uses natural high-quality bamboo as raw material. After more than 20 processes, the original bamboo juice is removed, pressed by high temperature and high pressure, then multi-layered paint, and finally dried by infrared rays. . Bamboo floor brings a green and fresh wind to the building materials market with its natural advantages and many excellent properties after molding. Bamboo floor has the natural texture of bamboo, fresh and elegant, giving people a feeling of returning to nature, elegant and refined, with the natural beauty of the original wood floor and the durability of ceramic floor tiles.
Bamboo floors are generally divided into three categories, flat pressure, side pressure, and heavy bamboo floors. There is also the later bamboo and wood floors, which will also be pressed with glue in the process. Therefore, the same as the wooden floor, the moisture content, environmental protection and surface paint are very important.
Five, cork floor
Cork flooring is known as the "pyramid tip of the floor". Cork is an oak tree that grows on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea, and the raw material of cork products is the bark of the oak tree. Compared with solid wood flooring, it is more environmentally friendly, sound insulation, and has a better moisture-proof effect, giving people an excellent foot feel. The cork floor is soft, quiet, comfortable and wear-resistant. It can provide great cushioning effect against the accidental fall of the elderly and children. Its unique sound absorption effect and thermal insulation performance are also very suitable for bedrooms, conference rooms, libraries, recording Shed and other places.
6. Floor tiles
Most families are still willing to choose floor tiles as a floor covering material. First of all, we see that floor tiles are much richer in color and style than others, and they also have the characteristics of being simple and easy to match. Not only that, the material of the floor tile itself is the hard one, so in terms of time of use, the floor tile has better wear resistance and a longer service life. Moreover, the floor tiles will not be affected by moisture in a humid environment, and it is also very convenient and quick to clean. However, the disadvantage of floor tiles is that they are too cold and hard, which is still inappropriate in terms of slip resistance.
Of course, carpets can also be counted as a kind of indoor floor covering materials, and carpets have great flexibility in use. First of all, the carpet can be used to protect the ground, and it looks very warm, and the floor has a good decorative effect. The carpet that matches the indoor environment is also a beautiful landscape, making the whole room full of more elements that enrich the interior space. Of course, when choosing a carpet, aside from the quality, you should carefully consider the choice of color and pattern to see if it matches your indoor environment.
Eight, plastic floor
The plastic floor here is not the floor leather we usually think of. There are two types of plastic floors: roll floor and sheet floor.
The coiled floor is made of polyvinyl chloride resin as the main raw material, adding appropriate additives, and is produced on the continuous sheet-like substrate by coating process. It is divided into foamed polyvinyl chloride coiled floor with substrate and tape There are two kinds of dense polyvinyl chloride coil floors as the base material, the width of which is 1800mm, 2000mm, the length of each roll is 20m, 30m, and the total thickness is 1.5mm, 2mm, 2.5mm. Coiled floor is very suitable for tooling, such as airports, hospitals, kindergartens and other places.
Sheet flooring is made of polyvinyl chloride and its copolymer resin as the main raw materials, adding fillers, plasticizers, stabilizers, colorants and other auxiliary materials, and is produced by calendering, extrusion or extrusion processes. Combine both. The thickness of the two kinds of floors is relatively thin, and the floor needs to be self-leveling and glued when paving.
Sheet lock floor (we also call PVC lock floor), generally 3.2mm, 4mm, 4.5mm, 5mm, etc., mainly made of polyvinyl chloride resin and natural stone powder mixed in a certain proportion, with appropriate additives, plasticization Agents, stabilizers, colorants and other auxiliary materials are produced by processes such as calendering, extrusion or pressing, health preservation, UV coating, tempering, slicing, and tongue opening. It is an environmentally friendly and non-toxic recycled, reusable and environmentally friendly floor. (Market advantage of PVC plastic floor)
Nine, stone plastic floor (SPC floor)
The SPC floor substrate is extruded by an extruder combined with a T-shaped die, and then supplemented by a press-molding positioning technology, which can produce various textures (concave-convex relief pattern, hand-grabbing pattern, synchronous pattern, crystal mirror wood grain) etc.), the bottom layer can use traditional PVC polymer material or other cushion bottom layer as the balance layer, which has the function of balancing the floor stress, noise reduction and shock absorption. (SPC lock floor (hard stone plastic lock floor))
Ten, wood plastic floor (WPC floor)
Wood-plastic floor (WPC floor) is an innovative polymer with environmentally friendly stone-plastic floor (LVT) as the surface layer and waterproof and environmentally friendly wood-plastic board (WPC wood-plastic) as the base material. The non-carpet, special color plastic wood lock ecological floor is a revolution in the flooring industry, and it is a revolution in solving the anti-skid and waterproof of kitchen and bathroom floors.
It can be widely used in the floor covering of bedrooms, halls, kitchens and bathrooms; it can be used in office buildings, libraries, museums, shopping malls, restaurants, factories, schools, hospitals, etc. Field, sauna, basement floor; a wide range of colors to meet the needs of various customers. (WPC wood plastic ecological lock floor)